Как сделать лазерное чпу

Как сделать лазерное чпу
Как сделать лазерное чпу


Первый волоконый лазер и усилитель


В 1961, году Элиес Снитцер с группой сотрудников создали первый в мире волоконный лазер. Работы проводились в бывшем комплексе компании American Optical в горорде Саутбридж, штат Массачусеттс. Первый волоконный лазер использовал допированное неодимием стекло и был накачан дуговой лампой.



E. Snitzer and J. W. Hicks, "Optical Wave-Guide Modes in Small Glass Fibers, I Theoretical," paper TB36, Program of the 1959 Annual Meeting of the Optical Society of America, Vol 49, p. 1128, November 1959.

H. Osterberg, E. Snitzer, M. Polanyi, R. Hilberg, "Optical Wave-Guide Modes in Small Glass Fibers, II Experimental," paper TB37, Program of the 1959 Annual Meeting of the Optical Society of America, Vol 49, p. 1128, November 1959.

E. Snitzer, “Proposed fiber cavities for optical masers”, J. Appl. Phys. 32 (1), 36 (1961)

E. Snitzer, "Optial MASER Action of Nd+3 in a barium Crown Glass," Physical Review Letters, Volume 7, Number 12, pp. 444-446, December 15, 1961.


В 1963-64 годах Элиес Снитцер и Чарлз Костер продемонстрировали первый в мире волоконный лазерный усилитель.

C. J. Koester and E. Snitzer, “Amplification in a fiber laser”, Appl. Opt. 3 (10), 1182 (1964)

Впоследствии оптические волоконные усилители сделали возможным создание глобальных телекоммуникационных сетей.


Фундаментальные исследования лазерных кристаллов и стекол; высокоэффективное Nd-фосфатное лазерное стекло



Первый волоконный лазер с торцевой накачкой



Первый одномодовый волоконный лазер



Создан активированый эрбием волоконный усилитель



Первое сообщение о накачке многооболочечного световода



Предложена методика формирования в волокне брэгговских решеток



Эрбиевые волоконные лазеры с выходой мощностью 2 и 5 Вт



Создание компании ИРЭ ПОЛЮС



Разработка волоконных лазеров высокой мощности



IPG разработала коммерческий телекоммуникационный эрбиевый волоконный усилитель



IPG Laser основана в Германии



Первый одномодовый волоконный лазер с выходной мощностью 10 Вт


В 1996 году IPG Laser выпустила на рынок первый в мире коммерческий волоконный лазер с накачкой через оболочку, идеальным качеством пучка и выходной мощностью 10 Вт.


Laser Focus World, 08/01/2002

Fiber Lasers Grow in Power

Valentin Gapontsev and William Krupke

"The fiber laser has a history almost as long as that of the laser itself. Since its invention in 1963 by Elias Snitzer, the fiber laser required almost two decades of development before the first commercial devices appeared on the market in the late 1980s. These lasers used single-mode diode pumping, emitted a few tens of milliwatts, and attracted users because of their large gains and the feasibility of single-mode continuous-wave (CW) lasing for many transitions of rare-earth ions not achievable in the more-usual crystal-laser version. The most well-known application of fiber-laser technology is in 1550-nm erbium-doped fiber amplifiers.


For many laser applications, however, watts of optical power rather than milliwatts are required. The jump to watt-level fiber-laser output occurred in 1990, when a 4-W erbium-doped fiber laser was reported. This development laid the groundwork for ten-watt and higher single-mode fiber lasers suitable for micromachining and other applications-the first true high-power fiber lasers.


The modern high-power fiber laser is pumped by high-power multimode diodes via a cladding surrounding a single-mode core. In end-pumping architecture, multimode diode pump radiation is injected into the pump cladding through an end facet of the composite fiber, propagates along the fiber structure, periodically traversing the doped single-mode fiber core, and produces a population inversion in the core fiber.


A more advanced fully spliced side-pumped fiber laser was developed by IPG Laser (now a subsidiary of IPG Photonics). It includes an active fiber with facets that are free for splicing with other fiberoptic components or gain stages, thus enabling multiple points for injection of pump radiation into the cladding. As a result, a simple scaling of total fiber-laser output power became practical. Other side-pumped techniques include V-groove coupling. In 1996, industrial-quality, diffraction-limited 10-W-class cladding-pumped fiber lasers were launched by IPG Photonics; similar lasers were soon introduced by Polaroid (Cambridge, MA), Spectra Diode Labs (now JDS Uniphase; San Jose, CA), and Spectra Physics (Mountain View, CA)."


Иттербиевые наносекундные импульсные лазеры



Контракт с Bell South/Reltek Telecom в США



Основана корпорация IPG Photonics



Первый одномодовый волоконный лазер с выходной мощностью 100 Вт



Создание медицинского оборудования на базе высокомощных волоконных и диодных лазерах



Development of Single-emitter Pump Diodes


Dissatisfied with the cost, performance and quality of available components, IPG embarked on a comprehensive strategy of vertical integration.


SPIE Professional, July 2007

Independent Thinker: Valentin Gapontsev

By Valentin P. Gapontsev


"By the end of 2000, telecom capital spending had evaporated. Most of the large- and mid-sized telecom hardware and components manufacturers lost 70% to 90% of their business and many others shut their doors. Our revenue was down nearly 60% and yet our suppliers weren’t budging on pricing or terms.


With our future on the line, I thought back to the times before when following the principles of freedom and self-determination had pulled us through. When other companies in our market, even cash-rich companies, had frozen investments and started to cut their staff, we made the critical decision to invest in our future. We invested nearly all of our remaining capital in the development of advanced high-power products, advanced mass production lines and, most importantly, in a high-volume production facility to make our own high-power pump diodes. This facility enabled us to cut our dependence on sole source suppliers and radically cut production costs.


In making this investment, we were effectively betting the company on the competitive benefits of vertical integration. If we could manage the price, quality, and quantity of our components, I knew we could accomplish this goal.


We manufactured everything from the diodes, which pump the amplifiers and lasers, to the various specialty optical fibers that generate and transmit the laser emission, as well as many other optical and optoelectronic components. We believed that with a vertically integrated supply chain we could produce higher-quality diodes for up to 90% less than we paid to our suppliers.


After only three years, we developed world-class pump diodes that exceeded the power, brightness, and reliability of those produced by the leading supplier. But the main benefit was our ability to dramatically reduce manufacturing costs. Moreover, IPG built and deployed the world’s largest pump laser diode production line and manufactured more diodes than all our competitors put together.


The availability of high-quality and low-cost pump diodes opened up an opportunity for IPG in 2003. We introduced to the market a revolutionary new generation of super power multi-kilowatt fiber lasers that, in a short period of time, completely changed the competitive landscape in the metal cutting and welding market segment by displacing conventional crystal and carbon gas lasers. At the same time, working closely with our customers, we have spurred the emergence of major new markets for lasers. After hitting a low point of million in sales in 2002, we have grown to more than 3 million in 2006."


Development of kW-class Industrial Fiber Lasers


image2004 - 2005

1 and 2 kW Single-mode Ytterbium Fiber Lasers


imageДекабрь 2004

IPG Opens kW-class Laser Factory in Burbach, Germany


imageМарт 2005

The World's Smallest 25 W Single-mode Fiber Laser


imageМай 2005

IPG Introduces Picosecond Fiber Laser


imageMay 2005

IPG Introduces Single Frequency Erbium Fiber Laser


imageАвгуст 2005

Использование волоконных лазеров в судостроении


imageИюнь 2006

IPG Introduces DLR Diode Laser Platform


imageJune 2006

Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year 2006 Award


imageJune 2006

First Commercial 3 kW Single-mode Fiber Laser


imageAugust 2006

Sales and Applications Office in Novi, Michigan


imageDecember 2006

IPG Announces Initial Public Offering


imageApril 2007

IPG Opens Office in Beijing, China


imageJanuary 2008

IPG Enters Merchant Diode Business with Brightest, Most Powerful Line of Laser Diodes


imageJanuary 2009

Two New Lines of Revolutionary Green Fiber Lasers


imageFebruary 2009

Applications Lab in Silicon Valley


imageJune 2009

World's First 10 kW Single-Mode Fiber Laser


imageJuly 2009

100 Watt High Brightness Fiber-Coupled Laser Diodes


imageNovember 2009

Arthur L. Schawlow Award Presented to Dr. Valentin Gapontsev


imageJanuary 2010

IPG Photonics Acquires Photonics Innovations


IPG Photonics Corporation Enters Emerging Middle-Infrared Laser Markets with Acquisition of Photonics Innovations, Inc.


IPG Photonics acquired a privately-held, Birmingham, Alabama-based Photonics Innovations, Inc. (PII), a maker of active and passive laser materials and tunable lasers for scientific, biomedical, technological, and eye-safe range-finding applications. The acquisition allows IPG to expand its product offerings to the middle infrared (approximately 2 to 5 micron). PII's core capabilities include novel optical and laser materials fabrication, solid state and tunable laser design, and optical and sensing systems development.


PII was established by researchers at The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) to apply proprietary and patented optical materials, lasers, and spectroscopic technologies to the development and commercialization of state-of-the-art optical sensing instruments in rapid sensing, identification, and quantification of agents and materials. In addition to active and passive laser materials and tunable lasers, PII develops affordable and reliable middle-infrared microchip and external cavity broadly tunable light sources for scientific, sensing, medical and defense related applications. It also manufactures integrated state-of-the-art middle-infrared optical sensing instruments for rapid sensing, identification, and quantification of agents and materials.


"With the acquisition of Photonics Innovations, we plan to enhance IPG's product portfolio in middle-infrared spectral range - an exciting emerging market," said Dr. Valentin Gapontsev, IPG Photonics Chairman and CEO. "The combining of our state-of-the-art fiber laser technology with PII's proprietary transition metal doped ZnS and ZnSe based crystal laser materials has opened exciting opportunities to build new perfect hybrid laser sources in the range 2 to 5 μm for various applications. Both companies have complementary expertise and a passion for technological innovations. We look forward to integrating our similar entrepreneurial cultures and further strengthening our leadership position in fiber lasers."


"We are delighted to join IPG Photonics," commented Dr. Sergey Mirov, President of Photonics Innovations, Inc. "As a result of this merger, the combined company now has significantly more resources and the ability to target many new applications in biomedical, sensing, instrumentations, advanced systems, and material processing. IPG is a natural strategic fit for PII and we believe this will benefit both companies' customers."

imageApril 2010

IPG Acquires Cosytronic


IPG acquires Cosytronic KG, a specialist in the joining technology with an emphasis on automated welding turnkey solutions. 


IPG Photonics acquired privately-held, Germany-based Cosytronic KG (COSY), a specialist in the joining technology with an emphasis on engineering know-how in automated welding turnkey solutions. COSY's core capabilities include the development, engineering and application of new, modern joining techniques and innovative welding tools for many material processing end-markets. The acquisition allows IPG to extend its product offerings to include a welding tool that integrates seamlessly with IPG's fiber laser for target applications in automotive and sheet metal production, among others.


"With the acquisition of Cosytronic, we plan to enhance IPG's product portfolio of laser welding tools with fiber lasers - a promising complementary market for us," said Dr. Valentin Gapontsev, IPG Photonics Chairman and CEO. "Combining our state-of-the-art fiber laser technology with COSY's proven and innovative laser welding technology opens exciting opportunities to build robust integrated robotic solutions for various automotive, sheet metal production and other material applications. Both companies have complementary expertise, strong market reputations and a passion for technological innovations. We look forward to integrating our similar entrepreneurial cultures and further strengthening our leadership position in fiber lasers and solutions."


"We are excited to join IPG Photonics," commented Mr. Heribert Heinz, founder and Managing Director of Cosytronic KG. "The combined company now has significantly more resources to target larger customers and new applications, and the ability to have stronger technical integration of the tool and the laser. IPG is a natural strategic fit for COSY and we believe this will benefit both companies' customers."


The latest commercial product from COSY is the fiber-based Laser-Seam-Stepper for laser welding applications. Laser welding can be applied in car body plants and in the production of sheet metal components with the following advantages over traditional resistance spot welding process:


  • Higher processing speed and shorter production cycle times
  • Increased component strength with longer seams that create higher torsion stiffness
  • Total cost of ownership comparable to today's modern resistance welding systems
  • Flexible welding head and greater ability to handle the processing materials and
  • Continued focus on laser safety requirements without the need for an enclosed cell.
imageJanuary 2011

IPG's YLR-150/1500-QCW is 2010 Prism Award Winner


imageJune 2011

2010 Russian Federation National Award in Science and Technology


imageМарт 2012

500 W 1.57 μm Source for Polymer Welding


imageSeptember 2012

IPG Photonics Acquires JPSA Laser


IPG expands integrated laser systems offerings in the fine processing markets with the acquisition of JPSA, a global supplier of laser micromachining systems.


The acquisition enables IPG to expand its integrated laser systems product offerings for fine-processing, precision cutting, drilling and micromachining of non-metals, including glass, semiconductors and ceramics. JPSA's systems perform advanced laser micromachining, micro cutting, scribing and laser lift-off for semiconductors, microfluidics, LEDs, thin film solar panels, micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMs), biomedical technology and industrial automation applications.


"This acquisition broadens our customized laser-based systems offerings and provides significant sales synergies," said Dr. Valentin Gapontsev, IPG Photonics Chief Executive Officer. "The combination of JPSA's specialized laser systems and the UV and short pulse fiber lasers that IPG is developing now should allow us to deepen our penetration of the 0 million fine-processing market. At the same time, we plan to capitalize on opportunities to expand the global reach of JPSA's products through IPG's extensive sales and service network. In addition, we expect that the development expertise of the very experienced JPSA team would benefit our capabilities in other micromachining applications."



"Strong demand exists for better quality short-wavelength and short pulse width laser sources in applications addressed by JPSA's products," commented Jeff Sercel, CEO and Chief Technology Officer of JPSA. "While we will continue to sell our UV and excimer laser systems, as well as systems which use DPSS lasers, we strongly believe there are significant growth opportunities using advanced fiber lasers to displace traditional laser sources in high growth applications. Together, we will be able to sell into new applications, expand geographically and accelerate into markets where there are needs for advanced fiber laser technology. We look forward to being productive members of the IPG Photonics team."


About JPSA Laser


JPSA is a leading supplier of industrial grade UV excimer, DPSS, and Pico-second laser micromachining systems and materials processing services to customers worldwide. The Company's key applications include advanced automated systems for laser scribing and lift-off (LLO) of LEDs, thin film solar scribing, semiconductor, MEMs, research, biomedical, and industrial micromachining. JPSA's novel laser systems operate at wavelengths from 157 nm to 1064 nm, and are essential to a growing set of today's industrial micromachining applications. JPSA's experienced team of scientists and engineers work together in its applications lab to develop new techniques in laser-material interaction and high productivity laser systems and automation. JPSA is located in Manchester, New Hampshire.


imageMarch 2013

IPG Acquires Mobius Photonics


imageMarch 2013

The First Commercial 100 kW Fiber Laser


 E. Shcherbakov, V. Fomin, A. Abramov, A. Ferin, D. Mochalov, and Valentin P. Gapontsev, “Industrial Grade 100 kW Power CW Fiber Laser”, presented at Advanced Solid State Lasers 2013, Paris, France, 27 October–1 November 2013.


IPG delivered the first commercial 100 kW laser to NADEX Laser R&D (Nagoya City, Japan) for welding 300-mm-thick metal parts. 


Laser Focus World, 12/06/2013

MATERIALS PROCESSING: 100 kW fiber laser, power meter serve industry

The industrial-class 1070.5-nm-emitting laser, which stands only 1.86 × 3.6 × 0.8 m and has a mass of 3600 kg, is a part of effort to develop a robust laser-based manufacturing environment using off-the-shelf hardware.


The laser was developed for heavy-duty applications such as shipbuilding (mobile cutting and welding), remote welding and cutting of large-scale products in the field, “in-field” ultrahard rock and concrete cutting and drilling, construction of components for nuclear power plants, and other heavy industrial deep-penetration welding and cutting.


The laser’s output is directed into a 10-m-long, 300-μm-diameter feeding fiber; this output in turn can be coupled into a 50-m-long, 500-μm-diameter process fiber for remote delivery of the laser’s output. With an optical output of 101.3 kW at the output end of the process fiber and a 286 kW electrical power consumption, the complete system has a high wall-plug efficiency of 35.4%.


The laser is made up of 90 individual laser modules, each with a 1.4 kW optical output and a beam quality (M2) of 1.05. Six integrated fiber-to-fiber, 19-to-1 combiners make up the first beam-combining stage; the second stage contains a single fiber-to-fiber, 7-to-1 combiner. The measured beam-parameter-product (BPP) value of the beam exiting the feeding fiber is less than 16 mmmrad, while the BPP of the beam exiting the process (remote delivery) fiber is 25 mmmrad.


The laser’s optical output changes by no more than 0.2% root-mean-square (RMS) over 30 minutes, says Markevitch. In addition, there are no detectable nonlinear effects in the output spectrum, even at highest power. The laser turns on in 40 μs and off in 25 μs, and can be modulated digitally or analog at rates up to 5 kHz. The entire system is easy to transport.


IPG Photonics expands its facilities in Oxford


imageФевраль 2014

IPG Photonics представляет новую линейку лазеров


Основанная на не имеющем аналогов опыте IPG, новая линейка волоконных лазеров предоставляет клиентам наилучшие цену и качество и расширяет список доступных применений.


Компания IPG Photonics, мировой лидер в разработке и производстве волоконных лазеров, объявила на выставке Photonics West 2014 о создании широкого портфеля новых продуктов, включая:

1) Новая линейка YLS-ECO киловаттных иттербиевых волоконных лазеров с рекордной энергоэффективностью превышающей 45% и временем наработки до ближайшего облуживания превышающим 5 лет в типичных операционных условиях.

энергоэффективность YLS-ECO достигла 50% в 2016 году

2) Новая линейка MEGA Pulse наносекундных волоконных лазеров с энергией в импульсе до 100 мДж и сердней мощностью до 5 кВт.

3) Уникальная линейка мощных одномодовых зеленых волоконных лазеров со средней мощностью до 500 Ватт в непрерывном и квази-непрерывном режимах и энергоэффективностью свыше 15%.

4) Широкий диапазон высокомощных волоконных лазеров с длиной волны от зеленой до красной.

5) Высокоэффективные и доступные по цене индустриальные ультрафиолетовые волоконные лазеры с длиной волны 266 и 355 нм, работающие в импульсном или непрерывном режимах.

6) Новая линейка пико и фемтосекундных волоконных лазеров с высокой энергией в импульсе и высокой средней мощностью на разных длинах волн. 

7) Разнообразные модели волоконных и гибридных лазеров в среднем ИК диапазона от 2 до 4.5 микрон, включая первый практичный фемтосекундный лазер в диапазоне 2400-2500 нм, основанный на поликристаллических кристаллах Cr:ZnS.


"Мы рады представить потрясающий воображение портфель новых лазеров в 2014 году", сказал доктор Валентин Гапонцев, исполнительный директор IPG Photonics. " Эти лазеры покрывают широкий сегмент оптического спектра, включая ближний и средний ИК, видимый и ультрафиолетовый диапазоны. Мы запускаем группу продуктов, которые обеспечат решение множества проблем наших потребителей; продуктов, с лучшими в отрасли экслуатационными качествами, надежностью, инвестиционными и эксплуатационными расходами. Наша расширенная линейка лазеров предоставляет существующим и будущим клиентам получить существенные выгоды, увеличивает количество рынков доступных лазерам IPG, включая обработку и инспекцию полупроводников, светодиоды, фотовольтаику, производство дисплеев, обработку тонких пленок, шоу бизнес и 3D кинематограф, объемную печать и многие другие применения." 

imageФевраль 2015

Лазер GLPN-500-R стал лауреатом 2015 Prism Award


imageЯнварь 2016

IPG расширяет Технологический Центр в Кремниевой Долине


imageФевраль 2016

IPG представляет Luminaire RGB - лазерный источник для цифрового кино


imageМарт 2016

IPG Photonics активно строит новый производственный центр на юго-востоке США


imageАпрель 2016

IPG Laser GmbH расширяет лазерное производство в Бурбахе, Германия


imageМай 2016

IPG Photonics приобрела Menara Networks


imageФевраль 2017

IPG: объем продаж за 2016 - миллиард


imageМарт 2017

IPG Photonics поглощает корпорацию OptiGrate


Как сделать лазерное чпу

Как сделать лазерное чпу

Как сделать лазерное чпу

Как сделать лазерное чпу

Как сделать лазерное чпу

Как сделать лазерное чпу

Как сделать лазерное чпу

Как сделать лазерное чпу

Как сделать лазерное чпу

Как сделать лазерное чпу

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